The Components of Educational Administration

The components of educational administration can be categorized by their functions. These components are also categorized by their hierarchical structure and principles of justice. Let's take a look at some of the most basic concepts that define the components of educational management.

The components of educational administration can be categorized by their functions. These components are also categorized by their hierarchical structure and principles of justice. Let’s take a look at some of the most basic concepts that define the components of educational management. In addition to learning about the functions of educational administrators, you will also learn about the checks and balances of educational institutions. You will discover how educational administration works to help people succeed. Here are a few examples of each.

Principles of justice in educational administration

According to principles of justice, educational administrators must be just and judicious in their dealings with others. Unfortunately, administrators often arbitrarily exercise their discretionary powers or narrowly apply uniform rules in one point of their operations. As an educational administrator, you must take a more practical approach to dealing with people and situations within a democratic society. This means recognizing the worth of individual individuals and their capabilities. This is especially important in the context of educational institutions and enterprises.

Justice means giving each individual their rightful share in society and honoring their individuality. Justice is the basic hallmark of democratic administration. Equal opportunity and reward must be provided to every individual, regardless of race, class, or gender. Similarly, educational administrators must ensure that they treat all people fairly, regardless of their backgrounds. In this way, they can help create a more equal society. And, in the process, they can also practice and promote the principle of justice.

In this doctoral program, students complete 60 credits. Students complete 21 core content credits, 15 concentration credits, nine methods coursework, and 15 dissertation credits. During this program, students engage in research, debate, and practice, gaining the necessary knowledge to be a socially just educator. The PhD program emphasizes research, critical analysis, and advocacy for just policies and practices. It also provides opportunities to specialize in a particular area.

Hierarchical structure of educational administration

The school district has a hierarchy of administrative positions that funnel from state to school, thereby ensuring that all educators share the same goal. These individuals may be responsible for the educational success of a region or a district. The hierarchy may also include supervisors for various departments, teachers, and administrators. All of these individuals are responsible for the education of students. The hierarchy is often a hindrance to teacher effectiveness.

A school dean oversees academic and non-academic issues and plans and implements effective strategies. This individual communicates with other teachers and directors as well as the parents of each student. They also organize parent-teacher meetings and collect behavioral and academic reports from teachers. They also oversee discipline. These roles are important to the education of children and are crucial to the success of an institution. However, many schools still hold on to a hierarchical structure in order to protect themselves against the changes that come along.

A loosely coupled administrative structure has advantages and disadvantages. Initially, loose coupling of administrative features made decisions easy but in the long run, it led to a higher degree of bureaucracy and inefficiency. Organizations can be organized based on these advantages and disadvantages, but the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Further research should be done to examine the benefits and drawbacks of such a structure.

Functions of an educational administrator

The role of an educational administrator is vital to the functioning of schools and other learning institutions. Without effective leadership, working conditions for students and teachers are unlikely to improve. This role is particularly important for special education administrators, who have often faced exclusion from general education. But what makes a good educational administrator? Listed below are some of his or her functions. Read on to discover more. Listed below are some skills of an educational administrator.

Promoting ethics in teachers. Promoting hard work and commitment to the job of an educational administrator is crucial in a school or university. Educating people in accordance to society’s and individual expectations requires a well-rounded educational administrator. Furthermore, an educational administrator should foster good relations with community members, seeking their support for quality improvement and quantity expansion. Finally, an educational administrator should ensure smooth examinations. In short, the functions of an educational administrator are varied and often difficult to define, but are essential.

In a school or educational institution, an education administrator is responsible for the day-to-day functioning of the institution. They manage teachers, support staff, curriculum programs, and budgets. Similarly, an education administrator may oversee a school district and its schools. The job description for a superintendent includes interacting with state and school officials. College and postsecondary administrators may oversee the curriculum programs, supervise the hiring of school workers, manage budgets, and deal with the relations with students and parents.

Checking and balance in educational administration

A check and balance in educational administration is critical for a democratic society. The principles behind the practice were first introduced by philosophers like John Locke. The idea that government should not be the ultimate authority in education has been criticized by scholars and political leaders alike. This idea has been developed further by the Ministry of Education, which recently published a document called Several Opinions on Promoting ESOE Separation and Facilitating Transformation of Government Functions.

The National Commission on Education published A Nation at Risk in 1983, urging school boards to focus more attention on achieving quality education while decreasing the number of students failing to meet the minimum standards. The report emphasized the importance of rigorous testing, demanding academic standards, and increased graduation requirements. However, the findings were controversial. In fact, the report said that many school boards spend less than a third of their time on policy development.

A common question students should answer when learning about the three branches of government is, “What are the three branches of government?” The purpose of the answer to this question is to free schools from government overreach and gradually achieve their autonomy. Hence, it is important for students to understand the concept of check and balance in educational administration. Students should identify examples of checks and balances and match them to the descriptions of the three branches of government.

Human elements in educational administration

The most basic element of any organization is people. Educational supervisors and administrators have to deal with these human elements. They must learn about the basics of motivation, authority, and influence. They must also analyze specific problems and carry out their intentions successfully. Several factors can affect educational administration, including:

Among these are motivation, self-interest, and satisfaction. All of these factors influence the work of educational administrators. They provide a sense of direction and energizing motivation. They also check wastage in education, ensuring that resources and effort are utilized fully. Educational administration must also appeal to people’s motives, such as satisfaction, and the pleasure of doing work. This is done through the use of the following elements.

The main function of educational administration is to plan academic and co-curricular activities and assign duties to staff members. It also organizes and monitors curricular and co-curricular programmes, motivates staff members, and exercise control over them. Educators need a strong sense of purpose to be successful. Managing the staff effectively is the most important task of educational administration. Keeping this in mind, we should always remember that the educational authority’s functions are influenced by the human elements.


Educational administration is the process of arranging activities in an educational organization to achieve specific goals. The process is intended to motivate activity and supply direction. It aims to reduce wastage in education, maximize the utilization of resources and effort, and arouses the need for action. The elements of educational administration include planning, organization, direction, coordination, and supervision. Each of these components is important, but they cannot be done alone. Together, they form a holistic approach to educational administration.

During an educational administration process, different parts of an activity are examined to determine whether they are in order and are functioning appropriately. Planning includes setting up aims and objectives, preparing procedures and techniques, providing facilities, and financing activities. All these components should contribute to achieving the goals and objectives. However, these planning components are largely unknown to those outside of the educational administration field. The components of educational administration do involve basic facts and figures that should be included in all educational plans.

Besides defining the needs and assets of a school, educational administration also plans various activities and programmes. It also evaluates the effectiveness of these activities and measures its results. According to Jaswant Singh, education is the core of any educational process, and it is without sound administration in schools, plans will not be effective. In the case of educational administration, Ryburn states that school administration is concerned with children and work attitudes. It also promotes an efficient social life for students and brings the school and the community closer together.


Education administrators conduct evaluations to evaluate programs, teachers, and schools. Such assessments are often time-consuming, and better planning helps minimize the amount of time required. Planning an evaluation is crucial to determining the scope and depth of the analysis. Romiszowski (1988) distinguishes between a program’s scope and depth. The latter, he suggests, should be as detailed as possible. In addition, it should be feasible to carry out within a specified time frame.

The role-based approach establishes evaluation criteria for individual teachers, principals, and schools. Teachers and principals are evaluated for skills and knowledge related to their role, which includes managing school finances. They are also evaluated for student learning outcomes. Role-based evaluation does not exclude teachers, however. Teachers, for example, may resign because they believe their efforts have little to do with the students’ development. But both types of evaluations are important for school administrators.

When an administrator reviews a classroom, they evaluate both the lesson and the teacher’s management skills. The administrators’ comments should be supportive and critical of the teacher’s teaching style. The goal of the evaluation process should be to improve the quality of instruction and student learning. If a teacher does not meet the goals, the administrator may mark him or her as minimally effective. The administrator’s overall evaluation is based on the results of the goals he or she meets with the Superintendent.

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